Forecasting the Response of Delmarva Lagoons to Changing Land use and Climate: Alternative Stable States and Recovery Trajectories
Principal Investigator:Lora Harris
Start/End Year:2009 to 2011
Institution:Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science
Co-Principal investigator:Walter Boynton, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science; Mark Brush, Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Strategic focus area:Resilient ecosystem processes and responses
*This project is a continuing project initially funded through award NA05OAR4171042 (year one) and currently funded through award NA10OAR4170072 (year two)* Objective: The objective of this proposal is to create a coupled ecosystem model to explore the response of Chincoteague Bay to watershed nitrogen loading. Existing models that simulate the dynamics of eelgrass, benthic microalgae, phytoplankton, and macroalgae will be linked using formulations that model patterns of autotrophic dominance under various nitrogen loading scenarios. Special attention will be paid to nitrogen cycling, feedbacks on light attenuation, and sedimentation processes mediated by SAV. Nitrogen loading models will be adapted to GIS systems. Field surveys using an AUV will be supplemented by ADCP deployments to align varying spatial scales in an existing hydrodynamic model connected to the ecosystem model and simulation scenarios. Methodology: This work leverages existing and ongoing studies that have adapted nitrogen loading models to watersheds (Chincoteague, Gargathy Bays) in the Delmarva system to expand predictions across the peninsula. Previously developed lagoon ecosystem models that predict phytoplankton and macroalgae (Brush, VIMS) will be combined with models that simulate growth of eelgrass (Harris, CBL). Tracer studies in eelgrass will be performed to create empirical nutrient cycling relationships in the eelgrass model that are necessary to align this approach with the existing lagoon ecosystem model. Rationale: The resulting modeling tool will be capable of providing management targets for nutrient loading required to reduce nuisance blooms, improve water quality, and support eelgrass restoration or conservation. The combined modeling and experimental approach will also improve our capacity to quantify the potential for non-linear recovery trajectories by considering nitrogen retention and cycling among sediments and primary producers.
Giordano, JCP; Brush, MJ; Anderson, IC. 2012. Ecosystem metabolism in shallow coastal lagoons: patterns and partitioning of planktonic, benthic, and integrated community rates. Marine Ecology Progress Series 458:21-38. doi:10.3354/meps09719. UM-SG-RS-2012-10.
Harris, LA; Brush, MJ. 2012. Bridging the gap between empirical and mechanistic models of aquatic primary production with the metabolic theory of ecology: An example from estuarine ecosystems. Ecological Modelling 233:83-89. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.03.024. UM-SG-RS-2012-27.
Giordano, JCP; Brush, MJ; Anderson, IC. 2011. Quantifying annual nitrogen loads to Virginia's coastal lagoons: sources and water quality response. Estuaries and Coasts 34(2):297-309. doi:10.1007/s12237-010-9345-7. UM-SG-RS-2011-19.